Óscar Domínguez (Tenerife, 1906 - Paris, 1957) was a surrealist painter. Domínguez painted as an amateur until 1931, when the death of his father forced him to start making a living as a painter. From 1929 to 1938 extends his stage properly surrealist, centered in the automatic procedures, in which he emphasized like invention of the decalcomanias- published in 1936 is a technique that consists of introducing liquid black gouache between two surfaces and then pressing them in an uncontrolled way. A technique adopted immediately by the surrealists, and later influencing abstract expressionism. The themes of his paintings are usually volcanos, caves and the typical flora and fauna of his home (the Canary Islands) are frequently evoked; as well as cans of preserved, imperdibles, revolvers, arrows, lions and bulls that conform their surreal objects.
At the beginning of the 40s he went through a stage influenced by De Chirico, until the deep knowledge of Picasso's work, facilitated by the friendship between them, led him to a synthesis of surrealist images of Cubist architecture. Between the end of the quarter and the beginning of the fifties there is a "schematic" period, which implies the overcoming of Picassian dependence with more serene and balanced compositions and a more serious chromatism, delimited by its characteristic "triple stroke", white and black.
From 1955 he worked in the limits of abstraction, which he abandoned in the last year of his life to revive his initial interest in automatism. Although resident in Paris, he remained in contact with his land, being one of the most determined animators of Spanish surrealism. His work embodied an eclectic surrealism, based almost naturalistic and, in the noblest sense of the word, academic.
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