Juan Gris (Madrid, 1887 - Boulogne-sur-Seine, France, 1927) was an intellectual and complex man who, despite his short life, stands out for his great artistic production. The artist arrives in Paris in 1906 after passing through the Escuela de Artes y Oficios of Madrid. From the beginning he is forced to draw in various satirical magazines, but his determined vocation as a painter imposes on this first forced dedication to graphic illustration. In 1908 he met his great friend and dealer, Kahnweiler, and in a very short time achieved a personal and independent style, although deeply rooted in the aesthetics of the movement led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.
The personal relations between the three great Cubists were complex, but each played its part within this movement and Gris was able to find his place, grounded in the common principles of Cubist aesthetics and in their personal application of them. Unlike Braque and Picasso, Gris never used the neutral palette completely, always adding color. Its compositional system, derived from the technique of collage, is based, in its age of maturity, on series of triangular, vertical and horizontal planes that overlap. After a first stage of militancy in Analytic Cubism, Gris undertakes his synthetic period, in which the earlier faceted forms and changing perspectives are replaced by the use of overlapping planes of color and texture.
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