Joan Miró i Ferrà (Barcelona 1893 - Palma de Mallorca, 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, engraver and ceramist, he is considered one of the greatest representatives of surrealism. Miró had different places that influenced his work and his personality: Mont-roig, Paris, Mallorca and later New York and Japan. Mont-roig, a small town in the Baix Camp region, was be the counterpoint to the intellectual turmoil that was experimenting Paris in the 1920s alongside the surrealist poets, and also crucial in his career was the stimulus of abstract expressionism, which he discovered in New York in the 1940s. Later, in the middle of World War II, Joan Miró left his exile in France and settled in Palma de Mallorca, a space for shelter and work.
The landscape of Mont-roig first and of Mallorca were, afterwards, decisive in his work. The connection with the land and the interest in everyday objects and the natural environment, will be the background of some of his technical and formal research. Miró parted ways with academicism, to the constant search for a global and pure work, not attached to any particular movement. Contained in forms and public manifestations, it is through the plastic fact that Joan Miró shows his rebelliousness and a great sensitivity for the political and social events that surround him. This contrast of forces will lead him to create a unique and personal language that places him as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
Joan Miró's work is present in many major museums throughout the world and has received numerous awards. The list of museums include the New York Museum of Modern Art, the Guggenheim Museum in New York, Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris, and the Spanish Museum of Contemporary Art in Madrid. Also, his murals and sculptures decorate the facades of many buildings around the world.
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