Diego Rivera (Mexico, 1886 - 1957) was an outstanding Mexican muralist of communist/marxist ideology, famous for plastic works of high social content in public buildings. Married to Frida Kahlo, he was creator of several murals within the Historic Center of Mexico City, the Chapingo National School of Agriculture, and other Mexican and foreign cities (Buenos Aires, San Francisco, Detroit and New York) .
Rivera had some success as a Cubist painter in Europe, but the course of the world events would strongly change the style and subject of his work. Inspired by the political ideals of the Mexican Revolution (1914-15) and the Russian Revolution (1917), Rivera wanted to make art that reflected the lives of the working class and native peoples of Mexico. He developed an interest in making murals during a trip to Italy, finding inspiration in the Renaissance frescos there. Returning to Mexico after living in France, Rivera began to express his artistic ideas about Mexico. He received funding from the government to create a series of murals about the country's people and its history on the walls of public buildings.
In the 1930s and '40s, Diego Rivera painted several murals in the United States. In the late 1930s, Rivera went through a slow period, in terms of work. He had no major mural commissions around this time so he devoted himself to painting other works. Rivera returned to murals with one made for the 1940 Golden Gate International Exposition held in San Franciso. In Mexico City, he spent from 1945 to 1951 working on a series of murals known as "From the Pre-Hispanic Civilization to the Conquest." His last mural was called "Popular History of Mexico."
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